Black History Fun Fact Friday – Sundown Towns

“Is it true that ‘Anna’ stands for ‘Ain’t No Niggers Allowed’?” I asked at the convenience store in Anna, Illinois, where I had stopped to buy coffee. “Yes,” the clerk replied. “That’s sad, isn’t it,” she added, distancing herself from the policy. And she went on to assure me, “That all happened a long time ago.” “I understand [racial exclusion] is still going on?” I asked. “Yes,” she replied. “That’s sad.”—conversation with clerk, Anna, Illinois, October 2001. James W. Loewen, Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism (Touchstone, 2006),3

Anna, Illinois was named after the daughter of the founder of the town, but got its more derogatory name after the 1909 lynching of a black man in Cairo IL and the mob of angry white citizens who drove out Anna’s 40 or so black families following the lynching. It is at this point that Anna, IL became a sundown town.

A sundown town is a town with an exclusive population of non-whites on purpose. They are towns with overwhelming populations of non-whites and are so deliberately.

Historically, the name Sundown-town comes from Blacks not being allowed in certain towns beyond sunset and the signs that some towns posted within their city limits warning Blacks not to let the sun go down on them in that town (see pics).

Side Note: I wonder if that’s where the parental command to be in the house when the street lights came on, comes from? I’d have to explore that one.

Although signs were posted, forced exclusion was also implemented:

“There were also race riots in which white mobs attacked black neighborhoods, burning, looting, and killing. Across America, at least 50 towns, and probably many more than that, drove out their African American populations violently. At least 16 did so in Illinois alone. In the West, another 50 or more towns drove out their Chinese American populations. Many other sundown towns and suburbs used violence to keep out blacks or, sometimes, other minorities.” – America’s Black Holocaust Museum, James W. Loewen, PhD; Fran Kaplan, EdD; and Robert Smith, PhD

The Beginning

Sundown towns began after Slavery and the Civil War when blacks left the plantations and poured into every city and corner of the country. This was followed by the system we know as Jim Crow, in which black codes and laws were made for the intention of keeping blacks as enslaved as possible despite their free status.

Of course, we are familiar by now with the eyes that had to be kept to the ground, the stepping to the side when whites walked by, the separate restrooms and water fountains, movie theaters and many others. But in addition to all this were sundown towns, all-white neighborhoods where blacks were not allowed to live. Many of these towns existed in the North as the Great Migration brought floods of blacks into Northern Cities.


These communities feared the blacks pouring into their neighborhoods and established Sundown towns by evicting black residents and not allowing them in.


This statue of Orville Hubbard which sits outside of the City Hall in Dearborn Michigan, was the cause of much controversy when people started to learn more about his past.

Hubbard was the mayor of the then all-white suburban town outside of Detroit from 1942 to 1978 and in a 1969 speech acquired by the New York Times said that “If whites didn’t want to live with N–they sure didn’t have to.” He went on to say that this was a free country and that this was America.

“City police cars bore the slogan ‘Keep Dearborn Clean,’ which was a catch phrase meaning ‘Keep Dearborn White,’ ” according to David Good, a lifelong resident of the city who is the author of ‘‘Orvie: The Dictator of Dearborn,” a biography of Mayor Hubbard.

“Out here in Dearborn where some real Ku Klux Klans live. I know Dearborn, you know I’m from Detroit, used to live out there in Easten. And you had to go through Dearborn to get to Easten. Just like riding through Mississippi once you got to Dearborn.” -Malcolm X

Over time the name “Sundown-town” faded but Sundown Suburbs still exist. A sundown suburb is a discrete way in which Sundown-towns exist today. It is when large white populations migrate to the suburban part of the city with the express purpose of separating themselves from the minority population.

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30 thoughts on “Black History Fun Fact Friday – Sundown Towns”

    1. The picture “Stranger Don’t let the Sun go down on you here” is not from a Sundown Town but is actually a screenshot from the 1932 movie Tombstone Canyon.


      1. Either way, signs posted at town boundaries warning blacks not to remain after sundown were prevalent. Art often imitates life. Some towns even rang bells warning blacks that the sun was going down and they should leave.


  1. And then when they have cleared out the minority they will eventually turn on themselves and the all the while blaspheming the word ‘Freedom’.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. And in reference to the City of Dearborn, Michigan. It is not and has not been for 40+ years, that “white” city. Thankfully, I know of no other City in my great State of Michigan that has followed in those footsteps. Truth be told, once Mayor Hubbard was gone, change came rapidly. The City of Dearborn, these days is pretty much home to an all Arabic population. Even the signs on the building are written in language you cannot understand if you do not read Arabic. I do not live there, I am about 5-10 minutes West. However I do remember the reign of Hubbard and it was not a people’s proudest moment in time.

    Liked by 2 people

  3. It’s terrible to think that people can be so hateful toward others. We are all created equal, and color does not matter. Thank you for this post. I learned a lot from it. There is a community just down the road from us called Dunlap, Kansas. It was a little town where many blacks went after the Civil War. I’ve always wanted to look into the history of it a bit more.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Its OK and though I understand the sensitive nature of such posts it is history and must be shared. We can’t pretend it didn’t happen or that it “wasn’t that bad”.

      One misconception is that this kind of thing didn’t exist in the North but it did. In fact, slavery existed in every corner of the U.S. and though not every community was like this, it did exist and that’s just real.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Thank you for posting the history behind the history, it has to be heard. People need to know the truth and although I knew that slavery existed all over America others don’t. So I’ll re blog and re blog the history facts until people know the truth.

        Liked by 1 person

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